A salad is a dish which includes different types of veggies and fruits which can be eaten raw or par-boiled, which may be mixed with a sauce or salad dressing. Leafy greens such as cabbage or lettuce. Salad dressing has a long and colourful history, dating back to ancient times. The Babylonians used oil and vinegar for dressing salads almost two thousand years ago. Egyptians flavoured a salad dressing with oil, vinegar and spices. Mayonnaise is said to have made it onto the table of a French Nobleman over a hundred years ago. The European Monarch’s chefs used edible flower petals in the salad to make it fragrant and enhance the taste.
Chefs in the old days combined more than thirty ingredients in one enormous bowl, and included exotic ingredients. England’s King Henry IV’s favourite salad was a mixture of potatoes and herb dressing. Mary, Queen of Scots, preferred boiled celery diced and tossed with lettuce with a creamy mustard dressing and cooked egg slices. In the twentieth century, Americans began using basic dressing ingredients like oil, vinegar, lemon juice and spices to create an infinite variety of salad dressings.
Due to variations in ingredients, because of lacking storage conditions, chefs had different results when preparing dressings. Gradually, restaurants began packing and selling salad dressings to customers and thereby the industry began. Many major brands of salad dressings available today were on the market as early as the 1920’s.
Most leafy greens are bitter and something to smooth over the bitterness made these greens more palatable. One of the first sauces was soy sauce. It is most likely that this was the first salad dressing. This makes it almost five thousand years old.
Oil and vinegar was common in a salad dressing for ancient Egyptians. The Egyptians would mix spices and herbs into the oil and vinegar to dress their salads. Mayonnaise was invented in the 18th Century on the Spanish Island of Mahon. Many authorities believe the first batch of this mixture of egg yolks, oil and seasonings was whipped up to celebrate the 1756 French capture of Mahon, the Spanish Isle of Minorca. The addition of mayonnaise increased the number of salad dressing from the oil and vinegar.
Caesar Cardini, invented the Caesar salad in Tijuana, Mexico in 1924. Cardini’s original recipe included romaine, garlic, croutons, Parmesan cheese, boiled eggs, olive oil and Worcestershire sauce.
Thousand Island dressing is made from bits of green olives, peppers, pickles, onions, hard-boiled eggs and other finely chopped ingredients. This chunky dressing is said to commemorate the Thousand Islands in the Saint Lawrence River.
The commercial production of salad dressing began in the early 20th Century. Many common salad dressings that were family recipes were put into commercial production. New and different salad dressing were tried. Salad dressing was available both as oil and vinegar combinations and mayonnaise based ones.